Landscape uses of trees shrubs and climbers

Landscape uses of trees shrubs and climbers

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  • For Clean, Smart and Profitable Farming.
  • Trees, Shrubs & Climbers
  • 1.2: Plants for Tropical and Interior Landscaping
  • Everything you need to know about climbing plants and how to choose them
  • 23 of the Best Defensive Plants for Your Landscape
  • Vine Selections for Landscaping
  • HORT30050 Landscape Trees and Shrubs
  • Ideas for Designing a Rose Garden
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Trees: Take a Garden Tour for High Impact Garden Design!

For Clean, Smart and Profitable Farming.

More Information ». Vines offer a wide variety of uses in the landscape. They may be used as a groundcover or a fast growing screen on fences or walls. Often vines are displayed on a trellis or an on arbor to provide shade for a deck or patio. In addition to adding height to an area, vines require less space to grow; therefore, they are useful in tight spaces in a small garden. Versatile vines can be used to create privacy and hide unattractive areas in the landscape while also reducing noise and air pollutants.

Many flowering vines will also attract birds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinating insects. Barbara H. When selecting a vine for a particular location, there are a number of things to consider.

Start by evaluating the environmental conditions of the site. Choosing a vine that is well suited for the location will help the plant be more successful. This includes determining the number of hours of available sunlight and space along with proper soil drainage needed for the vine. Vines may be either annual or perennial.

Annual vines provide beautiful flowers during the warmer months in South Carolina and are killed by the first heavy frost. Perennial vines, on the other hand, are more permanent additions to the landscape and may be either deciduous losing their leaves in the fall or evergreen.

When choosing a vine for a limited garden space, select one that offers year- round interests, such as colorful blooms, interesting foliage or bark, or a vibrant fall color. Many vines have a vigorous growth habit, and the weight may collapse weak support structures that are not strong enough.

Do not allow any vine to climb to the top of a tree. Planting a vine on a chain-link fence will camouflage an unattractive eyesore into a more pleasing wall of color. Plant moderate growing vines, such as clematis, which climbs by twining, at the base of a small tree or shrub. Clematis likes cool roots and a sunny top and will make a delightful companion to a Japanese maple. Since most vines have an aggressive growth habit, periodic pruning will keep the plant healthy and attractive.

Along with limiting the overall size, pruning thins out the interior stems and branches to allow more air and light exposure for a healthier plant. Dead or damaged wood should also be removed. It is essential to know when the vine blooms to determine the best time of year to prune.

If a vine is spring flowering, then flower buds were formed the previous late summer or early fall. The best time to prune these vines would be immediately after they bloom in the spring. For all other types of vines, late winter is the best time to prune. A light pruning may be done during the growing season to keep a rampant vine in check.

According to the way vines climb, they are grouped into four basic categories: clinging, sprawling, tendrils, or twining. Some vines will use a combination of climbing methods. Typically, all of these vine types will need some type of support system.

Climbing hydrangea Decumaria barbara has specialized growths called adventitious roots that act like suction cups. Clinging vines, such as trumpet creeper Campsis radicans , cross vine Bignonia capreolata , and climbing hydrangea Decumaria barbara , have specialized growths called adventitious roots that act like suction cups. These tenacious roots grow along the stems of the vine and can attach onto any surface they touch. Care should be taken in planting a vine that clings on rock, brick, or stucco structures.

If the vine has to be removed for maintenance purposes, the suction cup-like roots will work their way into cracks and crevices of the structure, making them difficult to remove and will likely cause damage. This is especially true when removing vines from stucco surfaces, as adventitious roots will actually pull off sections of the stucco from the building or wall.

One option to protect surfaces is to build a trellis a few feet away from the structure to support the vine. This allows space for maintaining or painting the wall behind the trellis. Also, avoid using a clinging vine on a wooden building or fence as it will damage the wood or cause it to rot due to excessive moisture. A good example of a sprawling vine is a climbing rose Rosa species.

These vines tend to be vigorous and spreading. Sprawling vines do not have any type of natural support system; therefore, will need to be tied to a trellis or arbor for support. Roses do not have any type of natural support system and will need to be tied to a trellis or arbor for support.

Evergreen smilax Smilax lanceolata is an example of a vine that climb by tendrils. Vines That Climb by Tendrils Tendrils are slim, flexible, leafless stems that enable the vine to wrap around the support structure. The tendrils enable the vine to grab and wrap around a point of contact. Evergreen smilax Smilax lanceolata or passionflower Passiflora incarnata are good examples of vines that climb by tendrils. The stems of these vines twine around any available support system.

Similar to vines that climb by tendrils, twining vines grow best on wires, trellises, or arbors. The South Carolina state flower, Carolina jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens , climbs by twining. Insignificant flower; Bright green, glossy foliage; Commonly used in holiday or wedding decorations in the South Tendrils; Part sun to shade; Humus-rich, well-drained soil; Zones: Asiatic Jasmine Trachelospermum asiaticum 12 to 15 ft.

Many exotic vines, such as English ivy Hedera helix or Japanese or Chinese wisteria Wisteria floribunda or Wisteria sinensis , are not recommended for use in the landscape due to their invasive characteristics. It is important to be educated on the invasive potential before planting a vine and select native or noninvasive plants.

When English ivy Hedera helix is allowed to climb a tree, it reduces the health of the tree, and the weight can cause the tree to break or uproot. Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis is a highly invasive vine and should not be planted in the landscape.

This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas.

Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies.

Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. More Information » Close message window. Author s Barbara H. Smith , HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named.

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Common Name Botanical Name. Purple-brown pipe-like flowers in May-June; Blooms on new growth; Larval host for pipevine swallowtail butterfly. Twining; Full sun to part shade; Moist, well-drained soil; Grow on a sturdy support; Zones: 4 to 8. Vigorous grower; Trumpet-shaped, bright orange flowers in June-July; Possibly semi-evergreen in warmer climates; Blooms on new growth; Attracts hummingbirds. Clinging; Full sun; Well-drained soil; Tolerates heat and drought; Grow on a sturdy support; Zones: 4 to 8.

Large Flowered Clematis Clematis species. Wide selection of cultivars; Many different color choices and shapes; Depending on cultivar, blooms on new, old, or new and old growth. Twining; Full sun to part shade, but roots need to be cool and shaded; Medium moisture with loamy, well-drained soil; Zones: 4 to 9.

Small, white, fragrant flowers from August to October; Compound leaves with 3 leaflets that have coarsely toothed margins; Not invasive like the Sweet Autumn Clematis C. Clusters of small, white, fragrant flowers in the summer; Dark green foliage that fades to beige in the fall; Blooms on new growth; Attracts bees and butterflies. Clinging; Full sun to part shade; Fertile, moist, well-drained soil; Zones: 6 to 8.

Climbing Hydrangea Hydrangea anomala subspecies petiolaris. Glossy heart-shaped foliage; White fragrant flower clusters May to July; Brown, exfoliating bark; Blooms on old growth. Clinging; Full sun to part shade; Fertile, moist, well-drained soil; Intolerant of heat and humidity; Grow on a sturdy support; Zones: 4 to 8. Goldflame Honeysuckle Lonicera x heckrotti. Rose-pink flowers with yellow interiors that bloom spring through summer; Blooms on new growth; Attracts birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies.

Twining; Full sun to part shade; Drought tolerant; Fertile, well-drained soil; Good air circulation to reduce powdery mildew; Zones: 5 to 9. Insignificant flower in late spring to early summer; Blue-black berries in the fall; Palmate leaves with leaflets that turn a brilliant red fall color; Birds eat the berries.

Tendrils and clinging; Full sun to shade; Average, well-drained soils; Drought tolerant; Zones: 3 to 9. Boston Ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata. Insignificant flower in late spring to early summer; Blue-black berries in the fall; Dark green leaves with usually 3 lobes that turn scarlet to scarlet-purple in the fall. Tendrils and clinging; Full sun to part shade; Well-drained soils; Drought tolerant; Aggressive grower; Zones: 4 to 8.

Fringed white and purple flowers from July to September; Fleshy egg-shaped, edible fruit in the fall; 3-lobed, dark green leaves; Attracts butterflies and pollinating insects.


Dearness Gardens Nursery and Landscape Center has a great selection of trees and shrubs for your landscape! From annuals to perennials, we have what you need for a rich and colorful garden that will attract the birds and butterflies. Trees are the biggest investment you will make in your landscape, and therefore need to be chosen with care and planted correctly. Is the site wet or dry, is it in full sun or very shady? Do you need something that will grow quickly like a Red Maple or do you need something that will stay on the smaller size in a courtyard garden?

Properly prepare a site for and install woody landscape plants. Avoid planting twining vines near small trees and shrubs because these.

Trees, Shrubs & Climbers

Horticulture production provides plant resources for a wide range of functional, cultural, and aesthetic garden purposes. Ornamental plants are used for environmental enhancement, food production, and re-vegetation of damaged ecosystems, as well as for their visual and sensory appeal in landscapes and gardens. An overview of the ornmental horticulture sector in Canada is available at this link to the Canadian Ornamental Horticulture Alliance [New Tab] [1]. Some common categories of plant use include bedding plants and cut flowers, trees and shrubs, and ground covers and climbers. They are typically tender and half-hardy annuals, biennials, and some perennials that grow quickly and provide a vibrant display of color in beds, containers, and hanging baskets. Cut flowers produced by the floral industry include both herbaceous and woody flowering plants and cut greens for specialty services. Trees such as Acer rubrum red maple and Quercus rubra red oak grow from single stems while some like Acer circinatum vine maple have two or three main stems. This distinguishes trees from shrubs with several or many stems branching from or near soil level. Whether deciduous or evergreen, trees are generally larger than shrubs however, their shape and height can vary from dwarf cultivars 1 meter high, to grafted standards on 2 meter rootstocks and specimens of 90 meters or more.

1.2: Plants for Tropical and Interior Landscaping

Most residential dwellings could improve energy conservation when it comes to climate control. Image credit: Microsoft Images. Houses use 22 percent of the energy consumed in the United States today. About half of this is for heating and cooling. A properly designed landscape can make a home significantly more energy efficient and reduce air pollution, including greenhouse gases.

For more formal beds and edging, use uniform materials, such as steel, wood, brick, or prefabricated masonry.

Everything you need to know about climbing plants and how to choose them

By strategically planting thorny, spiky, dense bushes or hedging, you can create an effective barrier to deter intruders without compromising the look of your landscape. Many ornamental shrubs have vicious thorns or spiny foliage, and with careful placement, they can add a layer of security to your home without resorting to barbed wire or expensive fencing. We link to vendors to help you find relevant products. If you buy from one of our links, we may earn a commission. There are a variety of ways to use defensive plants as a deterrent and to provide an unpleasant welcome to uninvited guests.

23 of the Best Defensive Plants for Your Landscape

All images on this website have been taken in Leicestershire and Rutland by NatureSpot members. We welcome new contributions - just register and use the Submit Records form to post your photos. Click on any image below to visit the species page. A coloured rating followed by an exclamation mark denotes that different ID difficulties apply to either males and females or to the larvae - see the species page for more detail. For information about the Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland guidance on what to record for flora, see our guidance page. NatureSpot Recording the wildlife of Leicestershire and Rutland. Main menu Toggle navigation.

Their uses are endless: hedging, shrubberies, backdrops and screening or as free-standing specimens. From the towering eucalyptus to the diminutive box these.

Vine Selections for Landscaping

Solar heat absorbed through windows and roofs can increase cooling costs. Incorporating shade from landscaping elements can help reduce this solar heat gain. Check out the Energy Saver landscaping infographic to learn how your landscape can help you save energy and improve your home's comfort. Using shade effectively requires you to know the size, shape, and location of the moving shadow that your landscaping casts.

HORT30050 Landscape Trees and Shrubs

RELATED VIDEO: Landscape uses of Tree, Shrub and Climber by Prof. A. C. Jadhav

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Woody shrubs and climbers provide food, shelter and breeding places for our wildlife.


TREES 4. Annuals Annuals are plants that complete their life cycle in one season or one year eg. Balsam and Cosmos. Annuals are a group of plants which attain their full growth from seed, flower and die in one year or one season. Mostly they complete their life history in 3 to 6 months. They comprise of several of the most beautiful and easily grown plants widely varying in form, habit of growth and colour.

Ideas for Designing a Rose Garden

Elegant, vibrant, cheery, or unique, many people are unaware of the vast number of beautiful flowering vines which can be incorporated into landscapes for a fun twist on standard flowers, shrubs, and landscape features such as fences and pergolas. There are many ways to use climbing flowers in a landscape or garden! Allow your climbing plants to screen unsightly views or provide privacy by giving them a trellis to climb in the desired location.

Watch the video: #HORT222. Lecture 4 Landscape Use of Tree, Shrubs, Climbers and Annuals